Tooth Extraction Safety During Pregnancy
Hormonal changes occur in expectant women, and they can sometimes lead to dental health issues such as sensitive gums. This may require you to make a visit to the dentist for tooth surgery, a molar tooth extraction, among other services.
Dental care during pregnancy requires keen attention since there are some risks involved that could be potentially harmful to you or your baby’s health. However, when done correctly, you can go through the procedures without having to worry.
Common Dental Issues During Pregnancy
Changes in hormone levels can lead to the development of some dental issues or worsen already existing conditions. Some of these oral issues include the following:
- Tooth decay. A lot of women increase their carbohydrates consumption during pregnancy. Accumulation of starch on your teeth can lead to tooth decay. The teeth at the back of your mouth are the ones commonly affected. Severe decay can necessitate wisdom teeth removal. Vomiting and acid reflux commonly experienced with morning sickness can also erode the enamel, thus causing decay.
- Gingivitis. This condition is usually caused by poor oral health and infrequent cleaning of your teeth. It is characterized by swelling, inflammation, and bleeding gums when you floss or brush your teeth. Due to its severity, you should visit Morrisburg Dental as soon as possible for a dental check-up and medical attention.
- Pregnancy tumors. Referred to as pyogenic granuloma, the condition is a rare occurrence and affects only 5% of pregnant women. It causes the growth of an extra layer of tissues between your teeth due to the accumulation of excess plaque. The plaque levels, however, have been found to subsidize after delivery.
Aside from the aforementioned oral conditions, you may also need to get tooth extraction care if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Difficulty in speaking
- Inflamed gums
- Swollen gums
- Severe pain in your teeth or gums
- Tooth decay
- Tooth infection
- Bleeding gums
Is It Safe to Have a Tooth Extraction When Pregnant?
On most occasions, dental practitioners avoid teeth surgeries on pregnant women. This is because it could lead to a lot of pain or give the expecting mother stress, which affects the baby’s health.
When Can You Get a Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy?
Sometimes you may require emergency dental services in tooth extraction care when pregnant. However, dentists don’t always perform these procedures. Timing is everything, and the optimal period to get your tooth removed during pregnancy is the second trimester.
During the first trimester, your baby is developing, and therefore, dental procedures are not performed in this crucial stage. The best option is to use home remedies and avoid medications.
The second trimester is optimal since the baby will have developed most of its organs. Although this is a safe window to get your tooth removed, do not engage in any advanced dental procedures.
The last trimester is a challenging one since you will experience difficulty staying in a stationary position for an extended period. The pain from dental procedures can also cause stress and risk premature birth of the child. Your best bet is to wait until after you’ve delivered the baby.
When having the procedure, anesthesia may be administered, or the dentist may have to take an X-ray. Ensure the dental practitioner uses a lead sheet to cover your upper body and protect your child from the harmful radiation.
Confirm with your dentist that the anesthesia he/she is using cannot pass through the placenta. Some types of anesthesia get filtered out, and thus your baby stays safe while others don’t.
When it comes to drugs, especially pain medications, go for those that are taken only for a short while – 72 hours or less. However, refrain from them during the first and third trimesters.
Take the following preventive measures to ensure you do not end up needing a tooth extraction during pregnancy:
- See your dentist often for teeth clean-up to prevent plaque build-up
- Minimize your consumption of sugary foods
- Floss and brush your teeth every day
- Your toothpaste should have fluoride, and your mouthwash should contain alcohol
- Use a toothbrush with soft bristles
- Do not smoke
Your oral health is the ultimate prevention measure against dental problems during pregnancy. Practice proper dental hygiene, and you will minimize your chances of ever needing a tooth extraction while pregnant.